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9th INSME Annual Meeting - 2013


Turkey in Brief


  • Official Name of Country: Republic of Turkey
  • Population: 75 million (2011)
  • Labor Force (Population): 26.7 million (2011)
  • Capital: Ankara
  • Major Cities (Population): Istanbul (13.3 million), Ankara (4.8 million), Izmir (3.9 million), Bursa (2.6 million), Adana (2.1 million)
  • Area: 783,562.38 km²
  • Currency: Turkish Lira (TRY)
  • GDP Per Capita (PPP): USD 10,444 (2011)
  • Agriculture – products: grains, pulses, oil seeds, fruits and vegetables, cut flowers, poultry, milk and dairy products, fishery, honey and tobacco
  • Industries: agricultural products; textiles; motor vehicles, ships and other transportation equipment; construction materials; consumer electronics and home appliances
  • Main exports: apparel, foodstuffs, textiles, metal manufactures, transport equipment
  • Official Language: Turkish
  • Life expectancy: 77 years for women and 72 years for men

About Turkey

Turkey_orthographic_projectionThe lands of Turkey are located at a point where the three continents make up the old world. Asia, Africa and Europe are closest to each other, and straddle the point where Europe and Asia meet.  Because of its geographical location, the mainland of Anatolia has always found favor throughout history, and is the birthplace of many great civilizations.  It has also been prominent as a center of commerce because of its land connections to three continents and the sea surrounding it on three sides.

Turkey is divided into seven regions: the Black Sea region, the Marmara region, the Aegean, the Mediterranean, Central Anatolia, the East and Southeast Anatolia regions.

Turkey is a democratic, secular, unitary, constitutional republic with a diverse cultural heritage.

Turkey has become increasingly integrated with the West through membership in organizations such as the Council of Europe, NATO, OECD, OSCE and the G-20 major economies. Turkey began full membership negotiations with the European Union in 2005, having been an associate member of the European Economic Community since 1963 and having joined the EU Customs Union in 1995. 

Turkey has also fostered close cultural, political and economic relations with the Middle East, Caucasus, the Turkic states of Central Asia and the African countries through membership in organizations such as the Turkic Council, Joint Administration of Turkic Arts and Culture, Organization of Islamic Cooperation and the Economic Cooperation Organization.

Turkey's location at the crossroads of Europe and Asia makes it a country of significant geostrategic importance. In addition to its strategic location, Turkey's growing economy and diplomatic initiatives have led to its recognition as a regional power.

Economic and Political Overview

The Turkish economy has shown remarkable performance with its steady growth over the last eight years. A sound macroeconomic strategy in combination with prudent fiscal policies and major structural reforms in effect since 2002 has integrated the Turkish economy into the globalized world, while transforming the country into one of the major recipients of FDI in its region.

The structural reforms, hastened by Turkey’s EU accession process, have paved the way for comprehensive changes in a number of areas. The main objectives of these efforts were to increase the role of the private sector in the Turkish economy, to enhance the efficiency and resiliency of the financial sector, and to place the social security system on a more solid foundation. As these reforms have strengthened the macroeconomic fundamentals of the country, the economy grew with an average annual real GDP growth rate of 5.2 percent over the past nine years between 2002 and 2011. GDP levels more than tripled to USD 772 billion in 2011, up from USD 231 billion in 2002, GDP per capita soared to USD 10,444, up from USD 3,500 in the given period.

The visible improvements in the Turkish economy have also boosted foreign trade, while exports reached USD 135 billion by the end of 2011, up from USD 36 billion in 2002. Similarly, tourism revenues, which were around USD 8.5 billion in 2002, exceeded USD 23 billion in 2011.

Significant improvements in such a short period of time have registered Turkey on the world economic scale as an exceptional emerging economy, the 16th largest economy in the world and the 5th largest economy when compared with the EU countries, according to GDP figures (at PPP) in 2011.

The Turkish Republic is based on a secular, democratic, pluralistic and parliamentary system where human rights are protected by law and social justice. The National Assembly is elected by popular vote and the nation is governed by the Council of Ministers headed by the Prime Minister. Turkey is a founding member of OECD, the Black Sea Economic Cooperation Organization, a member of NATO, the European Council and the European Parliament, and an associate member of the European Union. In July 2012 Turkey takes over the EUREKA Chairmanship for a year, with a commitment to make EUREKA a global platform for coopetitive innovation. Learn more on the website of the Turkish EUREKA Chairmanship.

About İzmir

Having witnessed 8,500 years of human history, İzmir had been founded at the side of a gulf, and currently is the third biggest city and second most important seaport of Turkey. Situated at the west of Anatolian Peninsula, at the side of Aegean Sea, the province has an area of 12,012 km² with an approximate population of 4 million people. As one of the oldest port cities of the world, İzmir has always been recognised as an important meeting point for people with different cultures, languages and religions.


İzmir has the Aegean type Mediterranean climate in which summers are generally hot and arid and winters are temperate. You met with a fresh and open weather when you reach İzmir. Temperature averages are at 27.5 ºC during summer months and between 12 ºC - 14 ºC during winter months.

İzmir is the port of a wide hinterland spreading from Çanakkale to Fethiye. In addition to being an important foreign trade city of Turkey with its free zones, industrial zones and maritime transportation opportunities, İzmir also has significant qualified labour force and developed   infrastructure. It is also a prominent tourism centre with its environment, historical assets, cultural heritage and natural beauties. Quality of the industrial goods produced in İzmir is at a level of meeting international standards. Agriculture-based industries are also considerably developed. Main products produced in the region are cotton, grape, fig, dried fruits, vegetables, spices, alcohol drinks, animal feed and tobacco.

Located at the westernmost point of Turkey, İzmir combined its western culture developed through this location advantage and its outward-oriented structure with the Anatolian culture and traditions. It has integrated and strengthened its culture tourism with deep-rooted history and ancient civilisations; faith tourism with its hosting of different beliefs; thermal tourism with the geothermal resources and facilities; and eco-tourism with its nature, sea, sun, sand assets. İzmir  is also a metropolis suitable for convention tourism with its high-standard facilities, and expositions and festivals held throughout the year.

  • Turkey’s 3rd most developed city
  • The pivotal city of the Aegean region of Turkey
  • Covers an area of 12,012 km2 in the western part of Anatolia.
  • A population of 3.9 million
  • A warm climate, 300 sunny days a year
  • Fertile agricultural hinterland fed by 3 main water basins
  • The winding coastline resulting in countless, beautiful bays and beaches


  • One of the driving forces behind the national economy
  • The second largest commercial centre in Turkey
  • A significant industrial base, realizing 9.3% of Turkey’s total industrial production
  • Created 48% of the Aegean Region's GDP in 2008
  • Has high potential in motor vehicles, chemicals, industrial machinery & equipment, food & beverage production, renewable energy, tourism, automotive OEM, information & communications technology
  • Has 1743 international companies

İzmir at a glance




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From this map you can find Tourist Information, museums, buildings and architecture, culture and other points of interest in İzmir city center.


(click here to enlarge the map)